How Marketing And Marketing Research Can Act On The Promise Of Big Data
Editor’s Note: Joel Rubinson is one of the smartest folks out there pioneering the intersection of marketing, market research, and new technology. This summary of a resent presentation of his is a blueprint for success today and into the future. Many companies outside of MR are heading down these paths, but only a handful within MR (IRI, Nielsen, MetrixLabs and Kantar are notable exceptions). We’d do well to pay attention and take the advice folks like Joel and others are dishing out, because I believe to the bottom of my heart that despite the sometimes nascent progress being made along these lines, within the next five years we’ll find our industry utterly transformed by the maturity of the new digital marketing model that is evolving before our eyes.
By Joel Rubinson
I was honored to lead the discussion of how marketing and research must master big data in a digital social mobile age at the Weber Shandwick Data Salon on February 27, 2014. Here is a summary of my remarks.
…What A Long Strange Trip It’s Been…
Written by GARCIA, JERRY / HUNTER, ROBERT / LESH, PHILIP / WEIR, BOB Published by Ice Nine Publishing Company (ASCAP) © 1970. Performed by the Grateful Dead.
|The Old Marketing World||The ‘Brave New World’|
|Media and marketing easily understood||Media and marketing is much more complex|
|Reach could be achieved via advertising on the Ed Sullivan show and similar television programming||People are consuming media differently, existence of on demand streaming via several devices allow consumption to not be ‘time-bound’|
|Advertisers held power, consumers were passive||Consumers can initiate the conversation|
|Communication model was based on paid media||Communication model is based on owned media, earned media and paid media|
1. Owned media: brand owns media property (e.g. Brand’s website, app) that people choose to seek out and use.
2. Earned media: consumers choose to talk about a brand via social media. Brands can amplify their spend by launching initiatives that get consumers to share thoughts about the brand with their respective social networks.
3. Paid media: traditional advertising, brand pays third party for exposure
In the Brave New World, Signs of Success Are Everywhere
Back in the day, there was no visibility into the process of consuming, depleting, preparing to shop and then transacting, other than through surveys or qualitative research. The essence of reinventing marketing and research practices is to note that this has fundamentally changed in a digital world.
1970’s: Surveys, qualitative research, Nielsen was reporting Market Share bi-monthly based on “Clipboard” data collection.
1980’s: Advent of store scanner data (weekly share reports). Showed giant spikes associated with trade promotions. This affected marketing spend with tens of billions of dollars shifting to trade promotion to get more spikes.
1990’s: The advent of Frequent Shopper Data. This gave us the ability to forensically infer shopper insights based on purchases, having tremendous effect on shopper marketing and retailer outcomes.
2000’s- present: New Data streams “occur in the wild” – provide the ability for marketers to extract predictive signals regarding the consumer to shopper process…and every predictive signal is also a point of digital marketing impact.
The group brainstormed extractable signs that exist during…
- Social conversations, liking, following
- First and third party cookie data
- Memberships / Subscriptions
- Search Patterns
- Scanner Data
- Web Behavior
- Frequent Shopper Data
- Sensor-based navigation in the store
The information gap
MARKETERS are trying to catch up to CONSUMERS…
MARKETING RESEARCH is trying to catch up to MARKETERS
…but sadly, we are still looking backward while driving forward.
Some of the biggest gaps in marketing research practice that I see:
- Over-reliance on marketing mix modeling to determine what marketing levers work. This puts marketers at least 3 years behind contemporary marketing as these approaches require historical data so they cannot read emerging touchpoints.
- Survey based brand and campaign trackers. Not complete enough as measures of brand health if they do not include digital signals, too slow to effect campaign spending changes in flight, use attribute terminology that trails consumer vocabulary.
- Lack of a big data infrastructure that automatically databases all campaign results, properly tagged, so they can be referenced to improve the next campaign.
- Lack of a big data strategy for databasing, enriching, mining, and acting on first party data from customer transactions, web analytics, ,social conversations and digital behaviors.
Getting from point A to point B.
In most product categories, it is a zero-sum game. Market share is not easy to come by because your guys are good, but their guys are good also. So everybody needs to be great to be able to figure out how to extract market share from the consumer process.
This is an era of lean marketing where we need to make our marketing investments work harder via amplification and precision targeting.
What’s needed? In the world of Big Data, we need to act strategically and execute on data.
If there are insights that lead directly to marketing actions and better programmatic ad buying, you cannot leave that on the table.
If I had to choose one word, it would be “forward” where we need to adopt a predictive mindset. People don’t want ¼” drillbits they want ¼” holes. Similarly, we marketers don’t want copy testing, we want marketing spend effectiveness and efficiency. We don’t want brand tracking, we want brand success guidance. We need prediction more than scorecards. We don’t want brand profiles, we want to use predictive analytics to best target advertising for maximum sales lift and to keep the brand on strategy.
Getting started with data driven marketing
Here are some basic building blocks to make advertising more precise and compete based on data.
- Understand that digital marketing excellence is predicated on best in class management of first party data, and then enriching that with third party data.
- Tag management (a rational system for tagging ads and content)
- Incorporate data streams from web analytics, customer data, social media, and customer care and integrate them at a user level across screens via log-in information where possible
- Forecast demand by leveraging digital streams such as search, website visitation, and social media conversation
- Databasing results of all digital advertising activity, social media updates, website visits and conversions for insights extraction
- Be ready for the emerging world of data from sensors (including geo information from our smartphones but also health bands, etc.) And data from appliances, thermostats, refrigerators talking to shopping apps, etc.
- Get ready for addressable TV advertising as it becomes fully digitized
The payoff? Leveraging data and predictive analytics, we can improve odds of delivering the right message, to the right person, at the right time, on the right screen and turbo charge marketing ROI as a result.