The Silent Rise and Blossoming of Qualitative Research
By Edward Appleton
“The qualitative research renaissance is in full swing”.
Wow – a bold assertion from Adam Rossow on the GreenBook Blog.
Is it true?
I’d like to think so, working in the qualitative space. But is it wishful thinking? His article focuses on the need for qual to address “scale” more seriously – suggesting the ability to ask an open-ender to thousands of people fast might help.
I think something altogether different is going on – qual is morphing into something else, something resembling the function of “account planners” that flourished in much of the English speaking creative and marketing world from the 1970s – 1990s, perhaps longer. It’s not really about “scalability”.
Here’s my take.
- If Context is King, Qual is Queen.
Behavioral Economics has given considerable weight to the importance of context, emotion and social factors in understanding what we do, say, think.
More innovative qual delivers on this through e.g. ethnographic and observational techniques – taking behavior as the base line from which to branch out to “understanding”.
The question “why” is just too important to be left to the direct but invariably shallow direct questioning approach – how, when, who, what…..all that can create a rich understanding of a person’s everyday reality that quant, especially digital, either can’t or doesn’t.
- The remarkable Rise of the fast-growing Integrated Agency
One press release caught my eye recently – from a medium-sized German based but globally operating market research agency (no, not Happy Thinking People) which I’d thought of as a qual institute. Two things stood out:
Their 2015 YOY growth rate of +20% – hardly peanuts on a turnover base of over Euro 30 million and employing well over 200 people worldwide
Half their turnover is from quant. projects – they’re clearly an integrated shop, not just a “qual” outfit
There are plenty more out there like that, maybe not quite so large but growing fast – feedback from the AQR Event I attended recently in London confirmed strong demand for strategic advice from mix-method qualitative consultancies.
Take out – qual is no longer either a mix of one-or-two man band operations or a quasi-invisible unit tucked into a major network MR player. There are new types of operations with size, scope and (ha!) scale!
- Groups, In-Depth-Interviews….sure. But that’s not all!
Setting aside qual-quant integration, many qual agencies have positively bounded into an era where digital is a friend, not an enemy. OK, it may have taken a few years, but still.
Online communities, mobile ethnographies – to name a couple – are not just a must-have in the expanded qual toolkit to avoid being perceived as a digital dinosaur, they open up fertile new business areas such as innovation projects or co-creation.
That leads to a more consultative approach, with facilitating skills becoming as important as moderation. Many qualitative researchers are ideally placed to take that small step, many already have.
- Creativity Beckons…
Remember Account Planning?
Originally a London-inspired discipline within advertising agencies (J Walter Thompson, BMP are two that spring to mind) to help steer the creative process, maybe even ground it in real-life, it struggled for a while especially in the Noughties, with many agencies not investing in it, with the surge of digital advertising with its A/B testing and eminent measurability pushing it aside.
It seems like planning’s enjoying a renaissance – I see two factors at play:
Firstly, the crucial role of “availability” (mental & on-shelf) has been stressed by Prof. Byron Sharp of Bass Ehrenberg Institute fame in his influential and widely cited book “How Brands Grow”.
Secondly, the role of TV advertising in creating emotional brand bonds – creating positive bias, if you like – seems unchallenged by digital transformation tools. I’ll let folk from the IPA comment on this, should anybody be reading.
Still with me? Well, I was also interested to see that BBDO has hired a seasoned planner in its German office “to boost the planning offer” very recently – something I haven’t seen for ages. TV ads are expensive – they need, well “planning”.
An opportunity for qualitative research? Sure – qual. and creativity were and are linked if not at the hip, then at least enjoying strong attachment, however tense things may sometimes become.
- Creativity Summons
What do qualitative researchers feel when they see a creative execution based on their insights work that has gone “off-track”? Not that good. The work’s gone through numerous iterations, modification phases, tweaks, with various voices influencing the message, but net-net: the work no longer corresponds to the original insight.
Insights can fall through the cracks – organizationally it’s maybe time to look at closing the gap between qualitative work on creative development or brand positioning and the people executing. Whether it’s via closer co-operation models, or looking a new ways of allowing insights folk to work shoulder-to-shoulder with the creatives executing the insights.
In summary – I’d say we’re indeed witnessing not just a renaissance of qualitative research, we’re seeing a transformation.
It’s shifting into a world characterized by speed, of rapid hypothesis development, agility, where it works in often inter-disciplinary teams at the front end – I’d say the heart – of an innovation process, for example.
The very subjectivity that was once regarded as a disadvantage (flaky) is being more broadly accepted as an advantage.
There’s plenty more evidence emerging about the new importance of qual. in a changed MR world.
The 2016 Esomar qual event in Berlin, for example, follows immediately after Esomar’s new conference Big Data World also in Berlin, same venue – reflecting a likely future combination of disciplines, “smart” data partnering with “small” data. The AQR in UK reported strong growth in pretty much every area – financials were robust, membership up strongly as I recall.
Maybe its time for the voice of Qualitative to be heard more clearly and broadly – hence this article, I suppose.
Curious, as ever, as to other’s views.